香港"占中"事件中的大陆讯息封锁

(泡泡网报道)酝酿近1年的"占领中环"行动本月28日由发起人之一戴耀庭宣布提前启动,迅速引发全球关注。与此同此,与香港并称“一国”的中国大陆,却看不到来自香港的相关消息。

大陆讯息屏蔽观察

自从9月28日戴耀廷等人宣布“占中启动”的几乎同时,中国大陆开始明显加强了力度屏蔽来自香港的讯息。以微信为例,身处香港的用户发现已无法发送占中现场图片和讯息在微信朋友圈──本人账号可见,互相关注的朋友们却看不见

泡泡网就此采访了特意赴港支援占中的法新社特约记者曹国星,他表示:“我发了很多照片,全部显示发送成功,但身处大陆的网友表示看不到,可海外欧洲的网友可以看得到。我是通过观察回覆发现这一状况的,回覆者都是身处非大陆地区的朋友(图1)。我又试着发了一张“非敏感”图片,比如饮食(图2),同样“发送成功”,但大陆网友依旧看不到。估计针对的是大陆漫游来香港的微信号,我现在用的是香港手机卡。”

 

对这种“神奇”现象,身居香港的西班牙语专栏写手王冠绪也表有同感。王先生对泡泡记者说:“我可以确定,微信朋友圈不让绑定国内电话或QQ的朋友看到我们这里发的图片。拼命发图的朋友,如果你的微信号是绑定香港手机号那就别费劲了,大陆朋友看不到的,就算其人在香港也看不到。相反,微信号绑定香港电话的人无论在内地或香港都能看见香港朋友的图。另外还设有关键词过滤,绑定内地号的帖子被过滤掉了只有自己本人可见,绑定香港手机号码的人被过滤就意味绑定内地号或QQ的人看不到。与VPN开启与否无关,所以跟IP一点关系都没有,何况我连日本IP都实验过了……」。

本网曾经报导过的“2014净网运动”中,腾讯产品微信是被筛查的“重灾区”,此次香港突发事件,更显示出中共对网络控制的严格程度。

封锁讯息当然不仅微信,更有微博、QQ等一系列GFW围困内的即时通讯产品。以新浪微博为例,观察显示,来自香港占中现场的消息“消失”得非常之快,不论是图片、文字,还是相关评论,即便发送成功,也会被迅速删除。同时发布和转发相关消息的用户账号大量被注销。甚至,今日维权网报导:江西宁都 的宋宁生、龚新华 、陈茂森等数人因在街头举牌支持香港已被警察带走。

微博用户余怀谦先生对本网表示:“我和互动网友们近几日所发占中帖子无一存活,封锁账号这种事家常便饭了,我被封号时间最长的一次是因刘晓波获诺贝尔和平奖一事,被封时间长达六个月。中共封锁舆论乃一贯做法,今后遇类似敏感事件还会这样做。但他们越来越捉襟见肘了。”

FireChat被墙

9月29号,一条消息引来大量转发关注,据华尔街日报中文网的报导:截至28号晚,“没有网络也能聊天”的应用FireChat的下载量和使用量出现激增,流量飙升了150倍,在香港被下载了10万次。这款免费软件于今年3月份发布,运营商基站服务中断时,人们利用它的信号中继和群组聊天功能,重新建立起了连接和沟通,并帮助到了彼此。

但就在华尔街日报这篇报导文章发出后不到24小时,便有推特网友表示:“FireChat也被墙了(被封锁在GFW外面,大陆用户如果不使用翻牆软件,将无法下载)”。推特网友阿天对记者表示:“我一直关注香港,看到华尔街的报导才了解这款软件,晚上回家下载时就发现已被墙了。”

源于FireChat在今年三月就推出了,当时媒体人北风就曾在推特号召大家安装这款软件,表示“群体事件中,被断网是常事,FireChat能在没有网 络的情况下传递讯息,且保密身份,将对讯息扩散起到绝对性助力。”据了解,大陆网友中不少人在数月前就已安装并开始使用了这款软件,于是,此次 FireChat被墙,对于早先安装了的用户没有影响。

照相应用Instagram被封

不仅上述,连近年来深受广大网友喜爱的照相产品Instagram也于近日发现被封锁。Engadget 中文版的报导称:中国的“网络长城”曾经多次在政治事件上作讯息过滤,而今次最新的过滤对象就是在香港发生的“占领中环”行动。网络情况观察网站和一部份观察者指出,中国政府已经对 Instagram 作出封锁,目的可能是筛去有关在香港发生的“占领中环”的消息(香港地区的 Instagram 服务暂未受干扰),以免在中国国内有人彷效。正常来说,事件完结后对 Instagram 的封锁就会被解除;但亦有可能永久进入黑名单了。

Instagram是一个免费提供在线图片及短视频分享的社交应用,于2010年10月发布。它可以让用户用智能手机拍下照片后再将不同的滤镜效果添加到照片上,然后分享到Facebook、Twitter、Tumblr及Flickr等社交网络服务或者是Instagram的服务器上。传播能力可比肩各大热门社交软件。

大陆网友的应对措施

微信用户江先生在接受泡泡网访问时表示:“微信朋友圈发不了讯息可以考虑多加入一些微信群,临时建群也好,总之为了将牆外的消息传播给大陆网友吧。至少目前为止,微信对“群”的审查还是比较松懈的,当然,拉朋友时要谨慎,需要信得过的朋友,‘群’里如有不辨身份的陌生人,或许会被举报(微信有对用户和群的举报功能),进而被封锁账号,甚至该‘群’都会被封锁。”

微博网友小李则说:“牆内微博想看的基本全看不到,还是牆外的推特、FB精彩。但据我所知,因不会翻牆而只能使用大陆产社交软件的网络用户有很多,也正是被迫接受洗脑的群体,他们才更应该了解到被屏蔽了的真相。所以,有些网友在突发事件到来时会准备几个甚至几十个账号备用,封掉一个再换另一个继续发消息,并私下联系好友转发,赶在被删除前,能留住几分钟,就留几分钟,哪怕多被一位大陆网友看到,也是好的。”

另,9月29日北京时间下午开始,连续发布占中消息的香港博讯网受 到严重攻击,一度攻击流量达150Gbps 每秒。博讯主编韦石表示:“我有12小时无法打开博讯网页,换网络也不行。打开youtube也极慢,其他网页速度正常。博讯这次被攻击最大的可能是占中 消息。上次对博讯有显着影响的DDOS攻击是2012年4月,博讯揭露周永康涉薄熙来桉时。攻击者写信威胁域名注册商,并发起每秒50G的攻击,迫使博讯 两次前移域名解析商。这次攻击的幕后原因仍需了解。”

更多香港占领中环示威报道,点击What's Up 香港

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